A Brief Review of Some Common Criminology Theories
A number of criminology theories exist. These include social control theory and the rational choice theory. The former explains why committing crime has such appeal, while the latter focuses on the rewards one can get immediately from committing the crime. Both are valid perspectives, but the arguments for and against each differ considerably. Let’s explore some of the most common criminology theories. Here’s a brief review of some of them.
Criminologists often form a theory based on observational data. For example, they may notice that crime levels increase or decrease in certain neighborhoods. They may base a theory on these observations. Sometimes, these theories are based on logical principles, while others are based on empirical data. However, whether these criminology theories have any merit is debatable. It’s crucial to note that theories do not always have a definite basis.
A number of criminology theories differ from one another. For example, Bentham’s rational choice theory assumed that crime could be completely eradicated. Becker’s theory acknowledges that society cannot fully eradicate crime below a certain level. He gives an example. In the 1970s, a supermarket was robbed of 25% of its merchandise. Today, this figure has fallen to 3%. Theorists who support Becker’s theory believe that if this level were to be maintained, society would have an entirely zero crime rate.
Criminal behavior is a fundamentally complicated process. A number of factors can influence a person’s criminal behavior, including genetics, physiology, and environment. These factors can increase a person’s risk of crime or make them more likely to commit it. A variety of criminology theories exist to explain the motivations and consequences of criminal behavior. Although the latter theory is the most popular, it is not the most widely used or preferred.
The rational cause theory, also known as the anomie theory, is a criminology theory. This theory combines psychology and sociology to explain why certain behaviors are considered criminals. Anomie is a condition in which society is deregulated and social norms and expectations are unclear. The classical hypothesis describes this condition as the situation in which an individual may commit a crime. In other words, the theory is a rational explanation for this situation.
Classical criminology theory explains that crime is the result of a societal conflict. For example, the Chicago school of sociology adopted the social ecology theory to examine the city. In a neighborhood with high levels of poverty, the social structure and institutions are broken down. This disorganization limits the ability of institutions to control behavior. A further criminology theory, known as the sociology of deviance, explains why people commit criminal behavior.
A criminology theory is a social theory. This concept involves the way in which individuals react to certain situations. While people are born with a natural tendency to act in certain ways, the underlying reason for their actions may be rooted in the social structure of their neighborhood. For instance, a neighborhood with high poverty will have an unstable social structure. In some neighborhoods, the dysfunctions of a community can cause criminal behavior.
There are many other criminology theories. The rational choice theory explains why people commit crimes. The social control theory explains the responsibility of society. The strain theory outlines why individuals commit crimes. The social disorganization theory aims to understand why a society should control the way in which people behave. Theorists of this field are not able to predict the future. Therefore, a criminologist should examine the motivations of the various groups and behaviors in order to solve problems in the community.
The answers to these questions help determine society’s response to criminal behavior. The answers to these questions will determine incarceration systems, crime prevention programs, and rehabilitation programs. Consequently, criminology theories are essential for the well-being of society. In addition, they help define and improve the social structure of a community. If a community is healthy, it can protect its citizens from violence. Its members can live peaceful lives, and it has no room for any crime.
A few of the most important criminology theories are related to the development of human behavior. The theory of relative deprivation has been used to explain the rise in crime rates as a result of improved living standards. It explains why people who feel jealousy for those who have more money than they do can turn to crime. It also explains the reasons behind the rising crime rate. There are other theories that deal with the social conditions and the social factors in a society.