There are several different criminology theories that have been proposed. Many of these theories point to various factors in human behavior that may cause crime. These factors include environmental contaminants, hormones, and trauma to the brain. Another theory argues that people act deviantly to fit into society’s norms. Lastly, there is the interactionist theory, which argues that the environment plays an integral role in shaping an individual’s behavior.
The oldest theory in criminology, called the classical theory, holds that a person is only motivated to commit a crime when the consequences are favorable for the perpetrator. He was also fully aware of the punishment that he could receive for his crime, but he did it out of free will. In the 19th century, criminologists associated crime with poverty and the size of the skull. Today, experts indicate that a combination of factors plays a role in causing crime.
Social disorganization theory holds that a person’s surroundings influence his or her choice of crime. A person’s environment influences their choices, especially if the community is a supportive one. An environment that is impoverished and low in employment is likely to have a high level of crime. Empty buildings, empty lots, and vacant buildings will encourage criminal activities. Similarly, the strain theory holds that people who fail to live up to society’s expectations are likely to turn to crime.
While statistical data are a valuable source for criminology theories, these theories often rely on intuition and logical ideas. An example of this is a criminologist who notices a correlation between crime and a particular community. The criminologist may also base his or her theory on a series of observations, but the theories are often based on qualitative evidence rather than empirical data. So, how can one know if a theory is valid or not?
Biological theories argue that there is a strong connection between the biological and psychological factors that lead to criminality. Identical twins are more likely to commit crimes than fraternal twins, and this is because identical twins are genetically similar. The biological and psychological influences of criminality suggest that the likelihood of becoming a criminal is determined by the parents of the individual. It is often assumed that the biological parents of a person’s parents are the cause of their crime.
A major problem with modern criminology theories is that they don’t adequately address the social context in which crime occurs. For example, in the United States, for instance, a law enacted to protect public health has no basis in a culture that promotes drug use. A sociologist might believe that a law that protects the health of a minority population is a violation of the constitutional rights of a member of that group.
There are several important criminology theories that you should know before getting started with your research. The fundamental goal of these theories is to provide a deeper understanding of the criminal mind and the environment in which it thrives. A general list of theories includes six general categories: the classical school, biological, psychological/psychiatric, social process, and conflict theories. The theory of criminal behavior should be studied throughout one’s lifetime as an effort to reach higher understandings.
Another popular criminology theory is the rational choice theory. This theory claims that crime occurs when people engage in the actions that they do. It also argues that people make their choices based on their thoughts, and that they decide to act as such because it is advantageous. These theories have had major implications on social policy. The rational choice theory also reflects on the role of society in criminal behavior. And there’s an even more influential theory, the conflict theory.
Regardless of which criminology theory you choose to follow, the answer to these questions will influence the way society responds to criminal behavior. Whether society focuses on prevention programs, incarceration systems, or rehabilitation of criminals, the answers to these fundamental questions will have a major impact on the outcomes. The field of criminology is a dynamic one, which means that theories change with new discoveries and research. The evolution of technology and public policy has influenced criminology theories.
There are many different criminology theories. The three most widely accepted theories are: psychodynamic, behavioral, and cognitive. These theories focus on different aspects of human behavior, such as the early experiences of individuals. Each of these theories offers its own distinct perspectives on the causes of crime. It also highlights how certain factors compel people to commit crime. The theories vary greatly in their strengths and weaknesses. You may want to consider a criminology theory that is compatible with your values.