There are several criminology theories that can explain why certain people commit crimes. Biological theory: based on the observation that humans evolve at different speeds, some scientists believe that persistent criminality is associated with a primitive state called atavism. William Sheldon, who studied the skulls of criminals and developed a theory of mesomorphic development, asserted a link between muscular and athletic people and criminal behavior.
Sociological and biological sciences: Criminologists have offered theories that explain the emergence of criminal behavior. Biologists have explained the influence of genetics and environmental factors on human behavior. Other scientists are studying the effects of media violence on youth. In this article, we will examine some of the major criminology theories in detail. The following articles will provide a foundation for you to begin analyzing crime prevention strategies. You may find one or more of these helpful.
Social control theory: This theory explains the social background of crime. It emphasizes the individual decision-making processes behind criminal behavior. Rational choice theory: This theory focuses on the individual’s culpability. Both theories provide a framework for determining the causes of criminal behavior. Understanding the various factors that lead to criminal behavior allows law enforcement to develop an effective crime fighting program and appropriate policies. A better understanding of the social milieu is important for the prevention and prosecution of different types of crimes.
Sociologists have adopted a social ecology approach to study cities. Low income neighborhoods have a high number of habitual offenders and a breakdown of social institutions. These factors reduce the ability of these institutions to influence behavior. Some researchers argue that a social-psychological link exists. Sutherland argued that criminal behavior can be learned from older criminals. Other criminology theories include psychoanalysis, functionalism, interactionism, Marxism, and neuropsychology.
The rational cause theory is a theory that explains why people commit crimes. In 18th century Italy, philosophers argued that criminals are deviant and commit crimes for personal gain or ego-boosting incentives. According to this theory, offender motivation is an intentional decision. It can lead to a person’s committing a crime. If he feels he has no other choice, he will not commit it.
Biological theory: The rational choice theory focuses on the individual’s interest in committing a crime. In other words, an individual may be more interested in a crime if it is related to a trait that he or she already has. While it is not a logical theory, it is a theory that is based on a combination of qualitative and quantitative evidence. In other words, it is a logical concept that explains how crimes are committed.
Behavioral theory: The behavioral theory focuses on the idea that human behavior is learned through experience. It teaches that behavior is learned through repetition. Hence, the consequences of a crime are primarily related to the person’s psychological state. This theory is a popular one among criminology students. This theory helps explain why people commit crimes. These theories also inform the practice of criminal justice. And finally, there is the life course theory, which is based on the belief that human beings are inherently prone to a certain way.
A variety of criminology theories can help us understand why certain people commit crimes. There are four basic perspectives of deviance. The structural functionalism perspective states that deviant behavior is productive and promotes social harmony. It asserts that a society must be able to tolerate different kinds of behavior to achieve harmony. It also suggests that a person should not be a victim of a crime. So, how can a person commit a crime if he or she is born into a poor family?
There are different criminology theories. Despite the similarities between the two, they all have their strengths and weaknesses. A gendered theory is the most widely accepted theory of all. It combines the four major elements of a gendered theory with the three traditional criminology models. This approach helps to explain the differences between males and females in a society by highlighting how these relationships shape criminal predispositions.