The Different Types of Criminalology Theories
Some criminology theories attempt to explain why people commit crimes. These theories include: strain theory – the belief that a person is motivated to commit a crime because he or she is stressed out; learning theory – the belief that a person makes a decision to commit a criminal act because of learning experiences. This theory differs from the pre-classical perspective, which suggests that individuals act based on their own personal characteristics.
Social disorganization theory – The theory is based on the idea that individuals develop social and moral codes that regulate their behavior. In densely populated urban areas, crime occurs more frequently. The social learning theory states that individuals learn from their social environments and base their activities on these factors. The strain theory states that people turn to criminal activity when they feel their social bonds are strained or they are unable to achieve their social goals.
Punishment theory – This theory states that true criminals lack basic altruistic sentiments, which makes them likely to commit crimes. Other criminology theories focus on the role of punishment in the criminal justice system, which can help criminal justice practitioners understand how punishment affects behavior. The sixth area of research focuses on missing persons, where researchers are trying to figure out what patterns of behavior indicate that a person is likely to be a criminal.
Psychodynamic theory – This theory emphasizes the role of early childhood experiences in the development of criminal behavior. This theory also considers the way that the brain processes those early experiences influence the development of human behaviors. This theory is based on the idea that children’s perceptions affect their behavior. Cognitive theory looks at how people express their perceptions. However, it still isn’t clear which approach is better. The most widely accepted theories are psychodynamic, behavioral, and psychological.
Modern criminology theories rely on a wide variety of sources. The most common source of criminological theories is the five-factor model. Among these, the classical school of psychoanalytic criminology is the most common. This theory focuses on the role of emotions in a criminal’s life. The theory is the most popular of the four. Moreover, it is one of the most popular criminology theories.
Critical theory is the opposite of positive criminology theory. It supports the belief that the majority of crimes are committed by individuals who disagree with the laws that control them. It focuses on the consequences of crimes. It also includes the causes of crime. It is based on identifying risk factors, how laws are made, and how societies react to a criminal. It tries to predict what will happen in the future. But there are many other criminology theories.
The choice theory says that an individual commits a crime because he or she is motivated by selfishness or ego. This theory is similar to the classic criterion, but differs from the classical one in several aspects. It emphasizes the importance of rationality in defining crime. In a classical theory, people choose to commit a crime because it is advantageous to them. In contrast, the rational cause theory holds that a person commits a criminal act based on the needs and desires of others.
Despite the various criminology theories, no one has a complete understanding of the reasons for the behavior of criminals. For example, one theory suggests that the nature of crimes is determined by social pressure. Another theory explains that individuals act in accordance with their personal values. In a second theory, the motivation of a person to commit a crime depends on the individual’s personality and the context. Hence, the best criminology theories should include both the individual and the society.
The various criminology theories can help you understand the causes of criminal activities. Some of these theories have a genetic component, while others are purely psychological. While some of these theories are scientific, others are based on the findings of fieldwork. In the 1960s, a debate took place regarding the association between genetic factors and the likelihood of criminal behaviour. XYY-trisomy is a genetic disorder where there is an extra Y chromosome.