There are several criminology theories. The first is called the development theory. This theory says that humans are born with innate good qualities, and antisocial behaviors must develop over time. The development theory suggests that these behaviors are the result of underlying behavioral traits that are amplified by various life processes and activities. In other words, these crimes do not simply happen; they are deliberately chosen and intentional. A development theory focuses on criminal behavior that causes damage to society.
Biological, psychological, and sociological sciences offer theories to explain why people commit crimes. The biological sciences have provided genetic evidence to help researchers understand the mechanisms behind the decision to commit crimes. Sociologists have explained how different environments affect crime rates. The social science field uses theories to understand how society functions and what can be done to improve the conditions for people to be free from crime. Theoretically, these theories are useful for preventing repeat crimes and facilitating rehabilitation.
The second type of criminology theory is the anomie theory, which is based on the idea that serial killers often come from dysfunctional homes. Anomie is a concept developed by French sociologist Emile Durkheim. It describes a society that is deregulated and lacking in social expectations. It also suggests that individuals who commit crimes tend to be emotionally or physically abusive. It is important to note that these factors can influence behavior.
Other criminology theories are more controversial than others. The rational cause theory has become popular in recent years. In its most popular form, it portrays criminals as deviants who commit crimes for personal gain. It argues that they do so because of ego-boosting incentives. It also states that these people choose to commit crimes. In addition, the strain theory says that the causes of crime are rooted in social situations. In such a scenario, an individual is unable to achieve his or her own goals in life and turns to a life of crime.
There are two main types of criminology theories. The classical hypothesis is based on a belief that individuals are balanced creatures. Therefore, the classical hypothesis is based on the theory that individuals have natural inclinations to commit crimes. The classical hypothesis is the first type of a criminology theory, and it was developed in the 1700s. However, other criminology theories are more controversial. The latter is a general criterion, while the former is a model that focuses on a particular type of behavior.
Other criminology theories focus on the psychological causes of crime. The multiple factor theory is a criminology theory that aims to combine valid theories from the fields of psychology, biology, and sociology. Its most important component is the social control theory. It claims that the risk of committing a crime is inherited from a parent. For this reason, the genetic model is the most common type of criminology theory.
There are other criminology theories that involve social class and biology. The classical theory states that people choose to commit crimes because of social class conflicts. The conflict theory says that crime is a natural consequence of conflicts between human classes and the environment. Both theories claim that genetic factors play a significant role in determining how people behave. In most cases, they relate to the psychological factors that cause a person to commit crimes. The classical and choice theories are the most common types of a criminology theory.
A third criminology theory is the human motivation theory. This theory claims that people are driven to commit crimes if they are rewarded. For example, a criminal might be rewarded for committing a crime. But a victim of a crime will be punished. The Classical School’s main argument is that the cause of the crime is the lack of love for their parents. It argues that a family has no sex-based violence.
The rational choice theory is the most common criminology theory. It states that some people are more likely to commit a crime because they are wealthy. In other words, they are more likely to commit a crime if they have money. But the rational choice theory doesn’t have any empirical support. It only explains why a criminal commits a crime. The rational choice theory, however, ignores unconscious drives and emphasizes the role of society in crime.